• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Intervales State Park - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Intervales
The Waterfall of Death

South America, Brazil


Intervales State Park is located in the State of São Paulo (280 kms from the international airport of Guarulhos), and it is one of the most important places for birdwatching in the Atlantic Forest Ecosystem. Due to the good status of conservation of its forest and the large ocurrence of Bamboo (Guadua tagoara). The total area of the Park is 41.705 hectares, with altitude varying from 60 m to 1100 m, more than 400 species of birds have been listed so far.


Photo by Intervales
Carmo Road, the best trail for birdwatching at Intervales State Park

Notable Species

Mantled Hawk, Russet-winged Spadebill, Solitary Tinamou, Black-fronted Piping Guan, Pileated Parrot, Blue-bellied Parrot, Helmeted Woodpecker, Silky-tailed Nightjar, Giant Antshrike,


In the park:

Uniform Crake, Fasciated Tiger Heron, King Vulture, Bat Falcon, Osprey, Black-chested Buzzard Eagle, Ornate Hawk Eagle, Crested Eagle, Purple-winged Ground Dove, Ferruginous Pygmy Owl, Spectacled Owl, Buff-fronted Owl, Pearly-breasted Cuckoo, Little Nightjar, Brown-backed Parrotlet, Golden-tailed Parrotlet, Vinaceous Parrot, Red-tailed Parrot, Green-and-rufous Kingfisher,American Pygmy Kingfisher, Black-necked Aracari, Yellow-throated Woodpecker, Salvadori's Antwren, South American Leaftosser, Black-backed Tanager, Silver-beaked Tanager, Blackish-blue Seedeater, Tawny-bellied Seedeater, Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch, Great Pampa Finch, Thick-billed Saltator, Glaucous-blue Grosbeak, Ultramarine Grosbeak, Unicolored Blackbird

Outside it nearby:

Pantanal Snipe


In the park:

Solitary Tinamou, Brown Tinamou, Undulated Tinamou, Tataupa Tinamou, Least Grebe, Pied-billed Grebe, Neotropic Cormorant, Anhinga, Great Egret, Cattle Egret, Striated Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Buff-necked Ibis, White-faced Whistling-Duck, Muscovy Duck, Brazilian Teal, American Black Vulture, Turkey Vulture, Gray-headed Kite, Swallow-tailed Kite, Rufous-thighed Kite, Plumbeous Kite, White-tailed Kite, Bicolored Hawk, Tiny Hawk, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Crane Hawk, White-necked Hawk, Mantled Hawk, Great Black Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Gray-bellied Hawk, White-rumped Hawk, Short-tailed Hawk, White-tailed Hawk, Black Hawk-Eagle, Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle, Yellow-headed Caracara, Laughing Falcon, Barred Forest-Falcon, Collared Forest-Falcon, American Kestrel, Aplomado Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Dusky-legged Guan, Black-fronted Piping Guan, Spot-winged Wood-Quail, Rufous-sided Crake, Red-and-white Crake, Slaty-breasted Woodrail, Ash-throated Crake, Blackish Rail, Common Gallinule, Wattled Jacana, Southern Lapwing, Scaled Pigeon, Picazuro Pigeon, Pale-vented Pigeon, Plumbeous Pigeon, Eared Dove, Ruddy Ground-Dove, White-tipped Dove, Gray-fronted Dove, Ruddy Quail-Dove, Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Cobalt-rumped Parrotlet, Plain Parakeet, Pileated Parrot, Scaly-headed Parrot, Blue-bellied Parrot, Dark-billed Cuckoo, Squirrel Cuckoo, Smooth-billed Ani, Guira Cuckoo, Striped Cuckoo, Pavonine Cuckoo, Barn Owl, Tropical Screech-Owl, Long-tufted Screech-Owl, Rusty-barred Owl, Mottled Owl, Tawny-browed Owl, Least Pygmy-owl, Burrowing Owl, Great Potoo, Common Potoo, Short-tailed Nighthawk, Pauraque, Ocellated Poorwill, Silky-tailed Nightjar, Long-trained Nightjar, Sick's Swift, Sooty Swift, Great Dusky Swift, White-collared Swift, Biscutate Swift, Gray-rumped Swift, Scale-throated Hermit, Planalto Hermit, Dusky-throated Hermit, Sombre Hummingbird, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, Black Jacobin, White-vented Violetear, Black-throated Mango, Purple-crowned Plovercrest, Festive Coquette, Glittering-bellied Emerald, Violet-capped Woodnymph, White-throated Hummingbird, Versicolored Emerald, Glittering-throated Emerald, Sapphire-spangled Emerald, Brazilian Ruby, Black-eared Fairy, Stripe-breasted Starthroat, Amethyst Woodstar, Saw-billed Hermit, Amazonian White-tailed Trogon, Black-throated Trogon, Surucua Trogon, Ringed Kingfisher, Amazon Kingfisher, Green Kingfisher, Rufous-capped Motmot, Buff-bellied Puffbird, White-necked Puffbird, White-eared Puffbird, Crescent-chested Puffbird, Rusty-breasted Nunlet, Spot-billed Toucanet, Saffron Toucanet, Red-breasted Toucan, Channel-billed Toucan, Ochre-collared Piculet, White Woodpecker, Yellow-fronted Woodpecker, Yellow-browed Woodpecker, White-spotted Woodpecker, Green-barred Woodpecker, Campo Flicker, Blond-crested Woodpecker, Helmeted Woodpecker, Lineated Woodpecker, Robust Woodpecker, Rufous Hornero, Rufous-capped Spinetail, Gray-bellied Spinetail, Spix's Spinetail, Olive Spinetail, Pallid Spinetail, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, Red-eyed Thornbird, White-browed Foliage-gleaner, Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner, Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner, Black-capped Foliage-gleaner, Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner, White-collared Foliage-gleaner, Pale-browed Treehunter, Sharp-billed Treehunter, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, Rufous-breasted Leaftosser, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Plain Xenops, Streaked Xenops, Plain-winged Woodcreeper, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, White-throated Woodcreeper, Planalto Woodcreeper, Lesser Woodcreeper, Scaled Woodcreeper, Black-billed Scythebill, Spot-backed Antshrike, Giant Antshrike, Large-tailed Antshrike, Tufted Antshrike, White-bearded Antshrike, Rufous-capped Antshrike, Variable Antshrike, Spot-breasted Antvireo, Plain Antvireo, Rufous-backed Antvireo, Star-throated Antwren, Bertoni's Antbird, Rufous-margined Antwren, Ferruginous Antbird, Ochre-rumped Antbird, Dusky-tailed Antbird, Scaled Antbird, Streak-capped Antwren, White-shouldered Fire-eye, Squamate Antbird, Rufous-capped Antthrush, Short-tailed Antthrush, Cryptic Antthrush, Speckle-breasted Antpitta, Variegated Antpitta, Black-cheeked Gnateater, Rufous Gnateater, Mouse-colored Tapaculo, White-breasted Tapaculo, Slaty Bristlefront, Spotted Bamboowren, Sharpbill, Shrike-like Cotinga, Swallow-tailed Cotinga, Hooded Berryeater, Black-headed Berryeater, Cinnamon-vented Piha, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow, Bare-throated Bellbird, Blue Manakin, Pin-tailed Manakin, Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin, Black-capped Piprites, Greenish Schiffornis, Planalto Tyrannulet, Rough-legged Tyrannulet, Greenish Tyrannulet, Gray-capped Tyrannulet, Gray-headed Elaenia, Greenish Elaenia, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Large Elaenia, Small-billed Elaenia, Olivaceous Elaenia, Highland Elaenia, Southern Beardless Tyrannulet, Sooty Tyrannulet, White-crested Tyrannulet, Southern Mouse-colored Tyrannulet, Yellow Tyrannulet, Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Bay-ringed Tyrannulet, Sao Paulo Tyrannulet, Oustalet's Tyrannulet, Serra do Mar Tyrannulet, Southern Bristle Tyrant, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Gray-hooded Flycatcher, Eared Pygmy Tyrant, Drab-breasted Pygmy Tyrant, Brown-breasted Pygmy Tyrant, Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant, Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher, Common Tody-Flycatcher, Yellow-olive Flycatcher, White-throated Spadebill, Russet-winged Spadebill, Royal Flycatcher, Bran-colored Flycatcher, Whiskered Flycatcher, Cliff Flycatcher, Euler's Flycatcher, Fuscous Flycatcher, Southern Tropical Pewee, Vermilion Flycatcher, Blue-billed Black Tyrant, Crested Black Tyrant, Velvety Black Tyrant, Yellow-browed Tyrant, Masked Water Tyrant, White-headed Marsh Tyrant, Gray Monjita, White-rumped Monjita, Streamer-tailed Tyrant, Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant, Long-tailed Tyrant, Cattle Tyrant, Piratic Flycatcher, Social Flycatcher, Great Kiskadee, Three-striped Flycatcher, Streaked Flycatcher, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Variegated Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Grayish Mourner, Sibilant Sirystes, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Swainson's Flycatcher, Short-crested Flycatcher, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Large-headed Flatbill, Rufous-tailed Attila, Gray-hooded Attila, Black-crowned Tityra, Black-tailed Tityra, Green-backed Becard, Chestnut-crowned Becard, White-winged Becard, Crested Becard, White-winged Swallow, White-rumped Swallow, Gray-breasted Martin, Brown-chested Martin, Blue-and-white Swallow, Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Cliff Swallow, Black-capped Donacobius, Long-billed Wren, House Wren, Chalk-browed Mockingbird, Yellow-legged Thrush, Blacksmith Thrush, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Pale-breasted Thrush, Creamy-bellied Thrush, White-necked Thrush, Long-billed Gnatwren, Azure Jay, House Sparrow, Red-eyed Vireo, Rufous-crowned Greenlet, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Purple-throated Euphonia, Violaceous Euphonia, Green-chinned Euphonia, Golden-rumped Euphonia, Chestnut-bellied Euphonia, Blue-naped Chlorophonia, Hooded Siskin, Tropical Parula, Southern Yellowthroat, Golden-crowned Warbler, White-rimmed Warbler, Neotropical River Warbler, Bananaquit, Chestnut-vented Conebill, Brown Tanager, Magpie Tanager, Chestnut-headed Tanager, Orange-headed Tanager, Rufous-headed Tanager, Olive-green Tanager, Flame-crested Tanager, Ruby-crowned Tanager, Black-goggled Tanager, Red-crowned Ant Tanager, Brazilian Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Azure-shouldered Tanager, Golden-chevroned Tanager, Palm Tanager, Diademed Tanager, Blue-and-yellow Tanager, Fawn-breasted Tanager, Green-headed Tanager, Red-necked Tanager, Brassy-breasted Tanager, Gilt-edged Tanager, Burnished-buff Tanager, Chestnut-backed Tanager, Black-legged Dacnis, Blue Dacnis, Swallow-Tanager, Long-tailed Reed-Finch, Red-rumped Warbling-Finch, Blue-black Grassquit, Buffy-fronted Seedeater, Temminck's Seedeater, Lined Seedeater, Double-collared Seedeater, Sooty Grassquit, Uniform Finch, Saffron Finch, Half-collared Sparrow, Grassland Sparrow, Rufous-collared Sparrow, Black-throated Grosbeak, Green-winged Saltator, White-browed Blackbird, Shiny Cowbird, Variable Oriole, Troupial, Red-rumped Cacique, Golden-winged Cacique, Crested Oropendola, Yellow-rumped Marshbird, Chopi Blackbird, Hooded Siskin

Outside it nearby:

Small-billed Tinamou, Red-winged Tinamou, Spotted Nothura, Whistling Heron, Red-legged Seriema, Rock Pigeon, White-eyed Parakeet, Blue-fronted Parrot, Toco Toucan, Yellowish Pipit, Curl-crested Jay, Wedge-tailed Grass Finch, House Sparrow

Other Wildlife


Intervales hosts around 100 species of mammals with perhaps 20-30 more recorded from the surrounding area. Known inhabitants include Black Capuchin (Sapajus nigritus) and Southern Muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides). It is likely that it has an intact cat fauna including Margay (Leopardus wiedi), Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi), Jaguar (Panthera onca) and Puma (Puma concolor). Intervales has 3 species of brocket deer: Gray or Brown Brocket (Mazama gouazoubira), Red Brocket (M. americana) and the localised Atlantic Forest endemic Small Red Brocket (M. bororo), first described in 1996. Both Collared (Dicotyles tajacu) and White-lipped Peccaries (Tayassu pecari) are present. Other mammals include Neotropical Otter (Lontra longicaudis) [1].

Reptiles and amphibians

The park management plan suggests there are around 50 reptile species and 70 amphibians which are known to occur in Intervales [1]. The true number of amphibians could be double this.

Site Information

History and Use

The Park was created on June 08, 1995, although it had been preserved since 1987. Recently designated as a world heritage site (Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve) along with three neighbouring reserves (Carlos Botelho State Park, Petar State Park, Ecological Station Xitué)

Areas of Interest

There are two main birding trails opened to the public, one is Carmo Road and the other one is Barra Grande Road.

Carmo Road is 36 km long, although only 9 km has been opened for birdwatchers. This road begins at Intervales Office (850 m) and ends at Alecrim (200 m), all the road is surrounded by well-preserved forest, with no people living nearby.

Barra Grande Road is 13 km long and it is nearly as good as Carmo Road, many species have been listed on this road such as: Buffy-fronted Seedeater, Silky-tailed Nightjar, Mantled Hawk.

All those trails above can be reached easily by car.

Access and Facilities

The Park is only four hours drive from the Guarulhos International Airport (in São Paulo), and it is situated on the crest of the Serra do Paranapiacaba, the 800-1000 m high escarpment that runs along the coast of southeast Brazil.

By car

To get there by car, take the Rodovia Castello Branco out of São Paulo and exit at Tatuí, continuing to Itapetininga, Capão Bonito and Ribeirão Grande. From there take a 25 km unpaved road to reach the Park.

By Public transportation

For backpackers, the cheapest way to go to Intervales State Park is by bus. São Paulo International Airport (GRU) - or Cumbica International Airport, in Guarulhos, is served by Airport Bus Service [1] with bus lines that take you to Barra Funda Station (Estação Barra Funda), if the traffic is good this ride takes normally 1:30 hour and it costs R$30,00 (at time of edit in 2023).

From Barra Funda Station, take a bus to Capão Bonito (www.transpen.com.br [2]) this ride will take nearly 4 hours and it costs R$42,00 (2010). After getting off the bus take a Taxi to the Park. In about 1 hour you will be at the Park´s Office and the driver charges normally R$70,00 (2010) for the ride.

See the access map


The Park has good and comfortable lodges to host all kinds of visitors.

Contact Details

Visitor information
Phone: 005515 3542 1511 / 005515 3542 1245
Email: [email protected]


  1. Furlan, Sueli Ângelo; Leite, Sandra Aparecida (2008), "Resumo Executivo", Parque Estadual Intervales: Plano de Manejo (PDF) (in Portuguese), Fundação Florestal. Available from: https://www.infraestruturameioambiente.sp.gov.br/fundacaoflorestal/planos-de-manejo/planos-de-manejo-planos-concluidos/plano-de-manejo-pe-intervales/

Recommended Citation

External Links

Birdwatching in Intervales

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1