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Solitary Tinamou - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Luiz
Iporanga, São Paulo, Brazil, October 2016
Tinamus solitarius


42·5–48 cm (16¾-18¼ in) A large brownish-grey tinamou heavily barred with black, foreneck, breast and flanks grey, flanks vermiculated with black and belly white. Crown dark brown, throat white, head and neck yellowish with buff line on side of neck. Length 46cm.


South America: found in central, eastern and southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay and the far north-east of Argentina.

A resident species.


This is a monotypic species[1], but some authorities [3] recognize race pernambucensis [2](Pernambuco Solitary Tinamou) - occurs over much of range in eastern Brazil where the population is very small and confined to Pernambuco and Algoas, south to the Sao Francisco River.


Primary lowland forest. Usually solitary and very wary



Their main diet consists of berries, small fruits and other plant materials.


There is little information. The male selects the nest site and builds the nest. There are usually two broods.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2016)

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