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Plain Antvireo - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Aracari
Parque do Zizo, Sao Paulo, Brazil, September 2006
Dysithamnus mentalis


Male, subspecies septentrionalis
Photo © by scottishdude
Rancho Naturalista, Costa Rica, March 2011

10–13 cm (4-5 in)

  • Slate grey head and upperparts
  • Blackish cheeks
  • White spots on the wing-coverts
  • Pale grey underparts
  • White belly


  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • Rufous crown
  • Yellowish-buff underparts
  • Buff-barred rufous wings

Immature male: similar to adult male, except they have brown edges to the flight feathers, an olive rump and yellowish underparts.


Central and South America:
Central America: found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
Caribbean: Trinidad and Tobago
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina


Female, Subspecies tambillanus
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Aconabikh Centre, Tarapoto, San Martín, Peru, December 2016


Female, subspecies extremus
Photo © by Pitter
Dapa-Valle, Colombia, September 2007

There are 18 subspecies[1]:

  • D. m. septentrionalis: Atlantic slope of southern Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas) to western Panama
  • D. m. suffusus: East Panama (Darién) and north-western Colombia (northern Chocó and northern Antioquia)
  • D. m. extremus: West Andes and western slope of Central Andes of Colombia
  • D. m. aequatorialis: Pacific slope of western Ecuador and extreme north-western Peru (Tumbes)
  • D. m. viridis: Mountains of northern Colombia and northern Venezuela
  • D. m. cumbreanus: Coastal mountains of northern Venezuela (Falcón and Lara to northern Sucre)
  • D. m. oberi: Tobago
  • D. m. andrei: North East Venezuela (southern Sucre to north-eastern Bolívar); Trinidad
  • D. m. ptaritepui: Tepuis of southern Venezuela (Ptari-tepui and Sororopán-tepui)
  • D. m. spodionotus: South Venezuela (southern Bolívar, Amazonas) and northern Brazil (Roraima)
  • D. m. semicinereus: Andes of west-central Colombia
  • D. m. napensis: Extreme southern Colombia to extreme northern Peru (northern Amazonas)
  • D. m. tambillanus: East slope of Andes of northern and central Peru
  • D. m. olivaceus: East slope of Andes of Peru (Pasco to Cusco and western Madre de Dios)
  • D. m. tavarae: South East Peru (south-eastern Madre de Dios) to central Bolivia
  • D. m. emiliae: North East Brazil (soouth-eastern Pará, northern Maranhão, Ceará and Pernambuco, Alagoas)
  • D. m. affinis: Extreme north-eastern Bolivia and central Brazil
  • D. m. mentalis: South East Brazil (Bahia) to eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina


Humid, montane forests, deciduous forests and secondary woodland, forest edges, scrub, Submontane cloud forest , Submontane cloud forest Carribean-slope. Tumbesian dry forest with Ceiba trees. Observed at heights between 610 and 914 m.


The nest is a deep cup constructed in a tree fork. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs with cinnamon markings. They are inclubated by both adults for 15 days. The young fledge after about 9 days.


Their diet consists of a variety of insects, including larva.


Song:a musical buu-bu-bu-bu-u-u-u
Calls: various and include a weak naaa and a questioning bu-u-u-u-u?


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2017)
  4. (Arther Grosset)
  5. BFMember observations
  6. Wikipedia

External Links