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Brown Tinamou - BirdForum Opus

Photo by kitefarrago
Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge, Manu NP, Madre de Dios, Peru, August 2017
Crypturellus obsoletus


25–30 cm (9¾-11¾ in)
Brown above, rufous below, darkest on belly, flanks and undertail-coverts barred blackish-brown. Bill black, legs olive.


South America: found in eastern Colombia and Venezuela south to Southern Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and northern Argentina.



There are 9 subspecies[1]:

  • C. o. castaneus:
  • C. o. ochraceiventris:
  • Subtropical central Peru (Huánuco to Cuzco)
  • C. o. traylori:
  • Subtropical south-eastern Peru (Marcapata Valley of Cuzco)
  • C. o. punensis:
  • Extreme south-eastern Peru and yungas of northern Bolivia
  • C. o. cerviniventris:
  • C. o. knoxi:
  • C. o. griseiventris:
  • North-central Brazil (Santarém region along Rio Tapajós )
  • C. o. hypochraceus:
  • South-western Brazil (upper Río Madeira in Rondônia)
  • C. o. obsoletus:


Atlantic forest and dense scrub on mountain ridges at 1,200-2,200m.



There is very little information, but they are known to eat seeds.


They make a nest at the base of a tree. The clutch contains 4-5 eggs, which are pink to dark reddish or chocolate-brown.




Voice: A dull whistle.

Recording by Andrew Whitehouse


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)

Recommended Citation

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