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Small-billed Elaenia - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Laguna Garzon, El Bonete, Rocha Department, Uruguay, 30 January 2023
Elaenia parvirostris


Three wing bars helps distinguish this species from the similar White-crested Elaenia although the third wing-bar is not always visible depending on wear of feathers and pose. [4]


Caribbean and South America:
Caribbean: Netherlands Antilles
South America: Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and central Argentina.
Breeds south of a line from Bolivia to the Atlantic about 1/5th from the southernmost point of Brazil, and found north of there as a migrant or winter guest. Vagrant in Trinidad and the United States. [3]


Photo © by nigel lallsingh
Notice the two easily visible wing bars and the third hinted at above the dark in the wing
Orange valley, Trinidad, May 2012

This is a monotypic species[1].




Similar to other Elaenia species


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Davis, Amy. 2021. “Just Another Small-billed Elaenia”. <https://wp.me/p8iY2g-bZI> North American Birds.
  4. Gorleri, F.C. and Areta, J.I. (2022), Misidentifications in citizen science bias the phenological estimates of two hard-to-identify Elaenia flycatchers. Ibis, 164: 13-26. https://doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12985

Recommended Citation

External Links

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