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Violaceous Euphonia - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Francisco Paludo
Casa da Rosane Taborda, Morretes, PR, Brazil, June, 2017
Euphonia violacea


10 cm (4 in)

  • Orangy-yellow forecrown
  • Glossy bluish-black upperparts
  • Golden yellow underparts

Female and immature: olive green upperparts and greenish yellow underparts


Photo by Peter van Zoest
Casimiro de Abreu, Brazil, July 2007

Trinidad, Tobago, eastern Venezuela, Paraguay, northeastern Argentina, northern Brazil, and the Guianas.



Photo by jarbas mattos
Ubatuba, Brasil, April 2011

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • E. v. rodwayi:
  • E. v. violacea:
  • E. v. auranticollis:


Forests, second growth and plantations of cocoa and citrus fruit.



They build a ball shaped nest on a bank, tree stump or cavity. The 3-4 red-blotched white eggs are incubated by the female.


The diet includes small fruit and nectar; only occasionally taking insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2015)
  3. Wikipedia

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