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Salvadori's Antwren - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Fritz73
Camacan, Brazil, 6 September 2017
Myrmotherula minor


Photo © by Fritz73
Camacan, Brazil, 6 September 2017

9 cm. An Antwren with a short tail.


  • Grey plumage, paler below
  • Black throat and centre of upper breast
  • Blackish wing-coverts, tipped white
  • Black subterminal band and white tip on tail
  • Blackish barred crissum


  • Grey crown and side of head
  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • Dull rufous-brown wings and tail, greater and median coverts thinly edged buff, tail edged russet
  • Dingy white throat
  • Deep buff underparts, darkest on flanks and crissum

Subadult male have no black subterminal tailband.


Found in coastal southeastern Brazil (from southeast Bahia to extreme northeast Santa Catarina).
An uncommon to rare restricted-range species. Threatened by habitat loss.


This is a monotypic species.
Probably closely related to Slaty Antwren and Rio Suno Antwren.


Lowland and foothill Atlantic evergreen forest.
Occurs up to 900 m, but mostly below 500 m. Usually deep in shaded forest interior with moss-covered trees, abundant epiphytes and close to running water.



Feeds on insects, probably also on spiders.
Forages in pairs, singly or in family groups 4 to 8 m above the ground. Often in mixed-species flocks with Lesser Woodcreeper, Black-capped Foliage-gleaner, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, Spot-breasted Antvireo, Plain Antvireo, Unicolored Antwren and Red-crowned Ant Tanager.


Little known. Breeding observed in October but nest unknown.


Presumably a resident species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334504

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