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Cobalt-rumped Parrotlet - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Rogerio Araújo Dias
Brasilia, Brazil
Forpus xanthopterygius


12–13 cm (4¾-5 in)

  • Green overall plumage
  • Underparts slightly yellower
  • Horn bill (sometimes with pinkish wash)
  • Brown iris


  • Blue just visible at the bend of the closed wing, on upperside of primaries and secondaries and under-wing coverts of the open wing, lower back, and rump

Female: all green, yellow tinge on head and flanks


Photo by Orozimbo
Lins, Sao Paulo, Brazil, October 2017

South America: Bolivia (and south-eastern Peru?) east to north-eastern Brazil, and south to Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina.


This is a monotypic species[1].

Formerly included in Blue-winged Parrotlet together with Turquoise-winged Parrotlet and Riparian Parrotlet.

Rufous Hornero nest (or "oven") taken over by Blue-winged Parrotlet
Photo by Daniesser
Nossa Fazenda, Esmeraldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, December 2006


Adult Male
Photo © by Luiz
Resende, Rio de Janeiro State, Brasil,
26 October 2020

Ideal habitat seems to be riverine thickets and borders of rainforest and second growth, but also found in city parks, open woods, savanna, semi-open and shrubby areas.



They nest in tree holes or use nests from other species, such as Rufous Hornero. There is little extra information available.


Their diet consists mainly of fruits, seeds, grass seeds and catkins.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to October 2008 (Corrigenda 8). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  4. Arthur Grosset
  5. Collar, N., J. del Hoyo, G. M. Kirwan, and P. F. D. Boesman (2021). Cobalt-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (H. F. Greeney, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.buwpar3.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1