• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Golden-crowned Warbler - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Aracari
Itatiaia National Park, Brazil, April 2006
Basileuterus culicivorus

Includes: White-bellied Warbler


12·5 cm


From Mexico south over Central America and most of South America to Argentina.



Photo by Stanley Jones
Near El Cielo, Tamaulipas, Mexico, December 1985

There are 14 subspecies[1] forming four groups:
Stripe-crowned Warbler:

  • B. c. flavescens: Western Mexico (Nayarit and western Jalisco)
  • B. c. brasherii: Eastern Mexico (Nuevo León and Tamaulipas to Hidalgo and northern Veracruz)
  • B. c. culicivorus: Tropical southern Mexico (Puebla) to north-western Costa Rica
  • B. c. godmani: Southern Costa Rica and western Panama (east to Veraguas)

Cabanis's Warbler:

  • B. c. indignus: Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia)
  • B. c. cabanisi: Extreme north-eastern Colombia (Santander del Norte) and north-western Venezuela
  • B. c. occultus: Tropical and lower subtropical Andes of Colombia
  • B. c. austerus: Eastern slope of East Andes of Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca and Meta)

Golden-crowned Warbler:

  • B. c. olivascens: northeastern Venezuela (Sucre, Monagas and Anzoategui) and Trinidad
  • B. c. segrex: South-eastern Venezuela to western Guyana and adjacent north-western Brazil
  • B. c. auricapillus: Tropical central Brazil
  • B. c. azarae: Paraguay to southern Brazil, Uruguay and north-eastern Argentina
  • B. c. viridescens: Tropical eastern Bolivia (Santa Cruz)


White-bellied Warbler
Photo by Carlos Henrique
Sousas, Campinas, Brazil, March 2008
  • B. c. hypoleucus: Lowlands of eastern Bolivia to north-eastern Paraguay and south-central Brazil

White-bellied Warbler was formerly treated as full species[2].


Forests and forest borders, sugarcane fields with remnant gallery hardwood forest at an elevation of around 271 m, dry creek bed, tropical savanna.



Their diet consists mostly of berries and occasionally insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birdforum thread discussing the taxonomy of White-bellied Warbler
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2014)
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links