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Gray-fronted Dove - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Dave B Smith
Asa Wright, Trinidad, February, 2008
Leptotila rufaxilla


28 cm
Notice that this species shows variation between subspecies: warm brown upperside and pale underside with crown similar to breast in color. Red color of bare skin around eyes (orbital). Red legs, dark bill.

Similar Species

White-tipped Dove is the biggest problem in most of the range, for comparison see[2].


Central America, Caribbean, South America:
Central America: found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
Caribbean: Lesser Antilles, Windward Islands and Trinidad
South America: occurs throughout most of the area in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina



There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • L. r. pallidipectus:
  • L. r. dubusi:
  • L. r. rufaxilla:
  • Venezuela to Guianas and northern Brazil (R. Madeira to northern Maranhão)
  • L. r. hellmayri:
  • L. r. bahiae:
  • Central Brazil (southern Mato Grosso to Bahia)
  • L. r. reichenbachii:


Forest edges.



A ground feeder. Little is known about their diet, but eats seeds and probably insects too.


Recording by Andrew Whitehouse


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birdforum thread discussing id of this species compared to White-tipped Dove
  3. Avibase
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2014)

Recommended Citation

External Links