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Brazilian Ruby - BirdForum Opus

Photo © Luiz
Serrinha do Alambari, Resende, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 7 September 2006
Heliodoxa rubricauda

Clytolaema rubricauda


11 cm (4.3 in)
Both sexes have a straight, black bill and a white spot behind the eye.
The male is mainly green with a ruby-red throat (for which this hummingbird is named) and greyish speckling on the belly. The tail and the lower back is coppery-rufous.
Melanistic males are seen frequently (not completely black but darker than normal).

Photo © pbono
Itatiaia National Park, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2003

The female is green with a small whitish-buff streak at the bill-base and light cinnamon underparts. The tail is mainly rufous from below, central tail feathers coppery-green from above.
Immatures resemble the female, but are speckled with rufous-buff on the upperparts.


Immature Male
Photo © by Xyko Paludo
Quatro Barras, Brasil, 12 May 2017

Endemic to south-east Brazil from Espirito Santo in north to Rio Grande do Sul in south and Goias in west.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Forest, parks, scrub, plantations. Mainly in lowlands, but locally as high as 1500-2000 m. (4900-6500 ft.) asl. Generally common.

Photo © Luiz
Serrinha do Alambari, Resende, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 25 August, 2006


Territorial behavior is common especially in males and to lesser extent, females.


Mainly feeds on nectar, less frequently small insects. Regularly attend hummingbird feeders.


Breeding Nov-March. The two eggs are laid in a cup-shaped nest 3-10 m. (10-30 ft.) above the ground.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ber van Perlo. 2009. A field guide to the Birds of Brazil. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-530155-7
  3. Schuchmann, K.L. and G. M. Kirwan (2020). Brazilian Ruby (Clytolaema rubricauda), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.brarub1.01

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GSearch checked for 2020 platform.