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Black-tailed Tityra - BirdForum Opus

Photo by alexandre vinot
Kourou, French Guiana, May 2008
Tityra cayana


20-22cm (7¾-8½ in)

  • Greyish-white above
  • White underparts
  • Black crown, sides of head and tail
  • Red encircling the eyes
  • Black-tipped red bill
  • Dark iris and feet
Photo by Lcverissimo
Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, October 2012


  • Dark brown wings and tail
  • Brown patterning on head, back and underside


From Trinidad and northern South America to Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil and Bolivia.



There are 2 subspecies[1]:

Subspecies cayana
Photo by rka
Santa Cruz, Trinidad, February 2017
  • T. c. braziliensis:
  • T. c. cayana:


Canopy and borders of lowland and foothill forests and secondary woodland.



The diet consists mainly of fruit; many insects are also taken, especially to feed to their young.


They nest in old tree holes (often those previously used by woodpecker). It is lined with dry leaves and small twigs. The clutch may consist of 3 buff eggs, with brown marks. They are incubated by the female for approximately three weeks; both parents feed the chicks.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2017)
  3. Wikipedia

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