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Streaked Xenops - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by renato.santos.4b
Miracatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 11 October 2021
Xenops rutilans

Xenops rutilus


Photo © by Luiz
Serrinha do Alambari, Resende, RJ, Brazil

Length: 12cm

  • Dark brown head
  • Whitish supercilium
  • Malar stripe
  • Brown upperparts, becoming rufous on the tail and rump
  • Buff bar on the darker brown wings
  • White-streaked olive brown underparts
  • Short, upturned bill

Sexes are similar

Similar species

Where overlapping, Streaked Xenops is usually found at higher elevation than Plain Xenops. Also check other members of the genus Xenops.


From Costa Rica south over Panama, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil and Peru to Bolivia and northern Argentina. Also on Trinidad.


This is a polytypic species[1] consisting of 11 subspecies.



Wet forests in foothills and mountains between 600-2,200 m altitude.



The diet includes arthropods, and the larvae of wood-boring beetles. Foraging behavior is typical of furnarids - flies to a low position on a branch or tree trunk, and systematically scoots upwards probing for food.


It places a few stems and roots in a hole 1.5-4.5 m high in a tree for its nest. The 2 white eggs are incubated by both sexes.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Angehr and Dean 2010. The birds of Panama, a field guide
  3. Neotropical Birds Online queried July 2018

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.