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Spotted Nothura - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by bievreJJ
Vale das Garças, Campinas, SP, Brazil, 23 September 2017

Includes Chaco Nothura
Alternative name: Spotted Tinamou[2]

Nothura maculosa


24–26·5 cm (9½-10½ in)
Brown above streaked buff, buff below streaked with chestnut and black on breast, flanks barred. Crown black streaked buff and throat white.
Short down-turned bill, legs pale pink.

Similar Species

The Red-winged Tinamou, with which it shares range and habitat, has a longer, more slender bill, and reddish legs.


South America: found in central and southern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina except the far south.



There are 8 subspecies[1]:

  • N. m. cearensis:
  • North East Brazil (southern Ceará)
  • N. m. major:
  • Interior east-central Brazil (Minas Gerais, Goiás and adjacent Bahia)
  • N. m. chacoensis:
  • N. m. paludivaga:
  • N. m. maculosa:
South East Brazil to eastern Paraguay, Uruguay and north-eastern Argentina
  • N. m. pallida:
  • Moist chaco grasslands of north-western Argentina
  • N. m. annectens:
  • Moist grasslands of eastern Argentina
  • N. m. submontana:
  • Andean foothills of south-western Argentina (Neuquén to Chubut)
  • N. m. nigroguttata:
  • Plains of south-central Argentina (Río Negro to south-eastern Neuquén)


Scrub and open woodland. Pastures, grassy savanna and hedgerows.



Omnivorous; though mostly herbivorous, their diet consists of the seeds of crops such as rice and soya. They also feeds on insects, especially ants, and can be found near livestock picking up insects and ticks disturbed by the cattle.


Call: rapid peeps with descending trill at end, or longer, higher trill.


A resident species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. de la Pena, M. and Rumboll, M., Birds of Southern South America and Antarctica, Princeton Univ. Press, 1998. ISBN 0-691-09035-1.
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Sept 2017)
  4. Avibase

Recommended Citation

External Links

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