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Green Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Photo by glendak2
Sabal Palm Grove Sanctuary, Brownsville, Texas, USA, November 2003
Chloroceryle americana


Photo by knnthdhrvy
Guadalupe River State Park, Texas, February 2018

19 to 20 cm [7.5 to 8 inches]) Short tail and long, strong bill

  • Dark glossy green
  • White underparts and collar
  • Green spotting on breast and sides
  • White markings on the wings and tail

Male has broad chestnut-colored breast band.
Female has one or two green spotted breast bands.

Similar species

Amazon Kingfisher


North, Central and America Southern Texas to northern Argentina and northern Chile



Female, subspecies mathewsii
Photo by gaviao-real
Ilha de Marajó, Brazil, April 2007

This is a polytipic species consisting of five subspecies[1]:

  • C. a. hachisukai:
  • C. a. septentrionalis:
  • C. a. americana:
  • C. a. cabanisii:
  • Western Colombia and western Ecuador west of Andes to northern Chile
  • C. a. mathewsii:


Riparian woodlands; shade trees on the banks of rivers and resacas, preferring sheltered pools


Rarely hovers.


They dive from a low perch for small fish. They also eat aquatic insects. grasshoppers and small lizards.


The nest is a deep 2 to 3 foot tunnel high on a sandy bank near water. There is a small entrance, 2 to 3 inches wide, probably covered with plants, vines, or other vegetation draping over the entrance. Female lays three, sometimes four, eggs.


Call: a rattling call.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2014)
  3. What Bird
  4. The Website of Everything

Recommended Citation

External Links