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Common Tody-Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Robert_Scanlon
P Isla Salamanca, Colombia, May 2004
Todirostrum cinereum

Identification

9.5-10.2 cm

  • Dark olive-green upperparts
  • Yellow underparts
  • Black head
  • Dark grey nape
  • Black wings
  • 2 yellow wing bars
  • Black tail; white tipped; long
  • Pale iris
  • Straight black bill

Sexes similar
Juvenile: greyer upper head, buff wing markings, paler underparts
On some birds, the white in the eye is more brownish-yellow and quite inconspicuous.

Yellow-eyed individual
Photo by Oderson
Itumbiara Brazil, June 2009

Similar Species

Some individuals will show yellow lores and care must be taken to distinguish from Yellow-lored Tody Flycatcher. A distinct fieldmark for this species is white tips to outer rectrices.[4]

Distribution

Found from Mexico through Central America to northern half of South America, northwestern Peru, eastern Bolivia and southern Brazil.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are eight subspecies[1]:

  • T. c. virididorsale:
  • Tropical southern Mexico (Veracruz and n Oaxaca)
  • T. c. finitimum:
  • Tropical southern Mexico (Tabasco and Chiapas) to north-western Costa Rica
  • T. c. wetmorei:
  • Tropical central and eastern Costa Rica and Panama
  • T. c. sclateri:
  • T. c. cinereum:
  • T. c. peruanum:
  • Eastern Ecuador and eastern Peru (south to Cuzco)
  • T. c. coloreum:
  • T. c. cearae:
  • North-eastern Brazil (eastern Pará to Piauí, Ceará, Alagoas and northern Bahia)

Habitat

Forests, plantations, shrubby areas and gardens.

Behaviour

Both sexes build the pouch shaped nest. The 2 white eggs are incubated by the female for 15-16 days.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Arthur Grosset
  4. Thread discussing differences between Common and Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatchers

Recommended Citation

External Links

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