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Toco Toucan - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Pantanal1
Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Ramphastos toco


Photo © by bievreJJ
Fazenda Bacury, Sao Paulo, Brazil, September 2017

55-65cm (21¾-25½ in)

  • Black body
  • White throat, chest and uppertail coverts
  • Red undertail coverts
  • Blue skin around the eye encircled by bare, orange skin
  • Bill
    • Very large
    • Yellowish-orange (reddish-orange on lower mandible and culmen)
    • Black base
    • Large black spot on the tip


South America: found in Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina.



Two subspecies are recognized:[1]


Semi-open woodland, savanna, and areas with scattered trees, plantations, forest-edge and wooded gardens. It is mainly a species of lowlands, up to 1750 m.



The diet includes fruit, insects, and bird eggs and nestlings. However, fruit seems the major source of energy. It seems to prefer lipid rich fruits when available but is able to survive most of the year by eating fruits of figs.


The nest is a cavity high in a tree, excavated by the parents. It also nests in holes in earth-banks and termite-nests. The 2-4 eggs are incubated by both adults for 17-18 days.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ragusa-Netto 2010. Ornitologia Neotropical 21:59-70
  3. Avibase
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

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