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Category:Nectariniidae - BirdForum Opus

Family: Nectariniidae


The Sunbirds and Spiderhunters are small passerines adapted to feeding on nectar; they have slender, pointed, decurved bills, and long tubular tongues. They sometimes hover to feed, but usually perch and probe for nectar, insects or spiders.

There are about 130 species distributed accross Africa, Asia and Australasia.


Nectariniidae is a family in the order Passeriformes.

Most species in this family were previously lumped in the genus Nectarinia; this genus was split recently based on morphology and plumage.2 However, subsequent genetic analysis1,3 does not support all of these groupings, suggesting that convergence is common within this group, and that further reorganization within this family can be expected in the near future.

Family Nectariniidae viewedit

Genus Chalcoparia viewedit
C. singalensis Ruby-cheeked Sunbird

Genus Deleornis viewedit
D. fraseri Fraser's Sunbird
D. axillaris Grey-headed Sunbird

Genus Anthreptes viewedit
A. reichenowi Plain-backed Sunbird
A. anchietae Anchieta's Sunbird
A. simplex Plain Sunbird
A. malacensis Brown-throated Sunbird
A. griseigularis Grey-throated Sunbird
A. rhodolaemus Red-throated Sunbird
A. gabonicus Mouse-brown Sunbird
A. longuemarei Western Violet-backed Sunbird
A. orientalis Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird
A. neglectus Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird
A. aurantius Violet-tailed Sunbird
A. seimundi Little Green Sunbird
A. rectirostris Green Sunbird
A. rubritorques Banded Green Sunbird

Genus Hedydipna viewedit
H. collaris Collared Sunbird
H. platura Pygmy Sunbird
H. metallica Nile Valley Sunbird
H. pallidigaster Amani Sunbird

Genus Anabathmis viewedit
A. reichenbachii Reichenbach's Sunbird
A. hartlaubii Principe Sunbird
A. newtonii Newton's Sunbird

Genus Dreptes viewedit
D. thomensis Giant Sunbird

Genus Anthobaphes viewedit
A. violacea Orange-breasted Sunbird

Genus Cyanomitra viewedit
C. verticalis Green-headed Sunbird
C. bannermani Bannerman's Sunbird
C. cyanolaema Blue-throated Brown Sunbird
C. oritis Cameroon Sunbird
C. alinae Blue-headed Sunbird
C. olivacea Olive Sunbird
C. veroxii Mouse-colored Sunbird

Genus Chalcomitra viewedit
C. adelberti Buff-throated Sunbird
C. fuliginosa Carmelite Sunbird
C. rubescens Green-throated Sunbird
C. amethystina Amethyst Sunbird
C. senegalensis Scarlet-chested Sunbird
C. hunteri Hunter's Sunbird
C. balfouri Socotra Sunbird

Genus Leptocoma viewedit
L. zeylonica Purple-rumped Sunbird
L. minima Crimson-backed Sunbird
L. brasiliana Van Hasselt's Sunbird
L. sperata Purple-throated Sunbird
L. aspasia Black Sunbird
L. calcostetha Copper-throated Sunbird

Genus Nectarinia viewedit
N. bocagii Bocage's Sunbird
N. purpureiventris Purple-breasted Sunbird
N. tacazze Tacazze Sunbird
N. kilimensis Bronzy Sunbird
N. famosa Malachite Sunbird
N. johnstoni Red-tufted Sunbird

Genus Drepanorhynchus viewedit
D. reichenowi Golden-winged Sunbird

Genus Cinnyris viewedit
C. chloropygius Olive-bellied Sunbird
C. minullus Tiny Sunbird
C. gertrudis Western Miombo Sunbird
C. manoensis Eastern Miombo Sunbird
C. chalybeus Southern Double-collared Sunbird
C. neergaardi Neergaard's Sunbird
C. stuhlmanni Stuhlmann's Double-collared Sunbird
C. prigoginei Prigogine's Double-collared Sunbird
C. ludovicensis Ludwig's Double-collared Sunbird
C. reichenowi Northern Double-collared Sunbird
C. afer Greater Double-collared Sunbird
C. regius Regal Sunbird
C. rockefelleri Rockefeller's Sunbird
C. mediocris Eastern Double-collared Sunbird
C. usambaricus Usambara Double-collared Sunbird
C. fuelleborni Forest Double-collared Sunbird
C. moreaui Moreau's Sunbird
C. loveridgei Loveridge's Sunbird
C. pulchellus Beautiful Sunbird
C. mariquensis Mariqua Sunbird
C. shelleyi Shelley's Sunbird
C. congensis Congo Sunbird
C. erythrocercus Red-chested Sunbird
C. nectarinioides Black-bellied Sunbird
C. bifasciatus Purple-banded Sunbird
C. tsavoensis Tsavo Sunbird
C. chalcomelas Violet-breasted Sunbird
C. pembae Pemba Sunbird
C. bouvieri Orange-tufted Sunbird
C. oseas Palestine Sunbird
C. habessinicus Shining Sunbird
C. coccinigastrus Splendid Sunbird
C. johannae Johanna's Sunbird
C. superbus Superb Sunbird
C. rufipennis Rufous-winged Sunbird
C. oustaleti Oustalet's Sunbird
C. talatala White-bellied Sunbird
C. venustus Variable Sunbird
C. fuscus Dusky Sunbird
C. ursulae Ursula's Sunbird
C. batesi Bates's Sunbird
C. cupreus Copper Sunbird
C. asiaticus Purple Sunbird
C. ornatus Ornate Sunbird
C. frenatus Sahul Sunbird
C. infrenatus Tukangbesi Sunbird
C. frenatus Sahul Sunbird
C. jugularis Garden Sunbird
C. aurora Palawan Sunbird
C. clementiae South Moluccan Sunbird
C. teysmanni Flores Sea Sunbird
C. idenburgi Mamberamo Sunbird
C. buettikoferi Apricot-breasted Sunbird
C. solaris Flame-breasted Sunbird
C. sovimanga Souimanga Sunbird
C. notatus Malagasy Green Sunbird
C. dussumieri Seychelles Sunbird
C. humbloti Humblot's Sunbird
C. comorensis Anjouan Sunbird
C. coquerellii Mayotte Sunbird
C. lotenius Loten's Sunbird

Genus Aethopyga viewedit
A. duyvenbodei Elegant Sunbird
A. ignicauda Fire-tailed Sunbird
A. saturata Black-throated Sunbird
A. gouldiae Mrs. Gould's Sunbird
A. nipalensis Green-tailed Sunbird
A. shelleyi Lovely Sunbird
A. temminckii Temminck's Sunbird
A. mystacalis Javan Sunbird
A. vigorsii Vigors's Sunbird
A. siparaja Crimson Sunbird
A. magnifica Magnificent Sunbird
A. christinae Fork-tailed Sunbird
A. bella Handsome Sunbird
A. eximia White-flanked Sunbird
A. flagrans Flaming Sunbird
A. guimarasensis Maroon-naped Sunbird
A. pulcherrima Metallic-winged Sunbird
A. jefferyi Luzon Sunbird
A. decorosa Bohol Sunbird
A. linaraborae Lina's Sunbird
A. primigenia Grey-hooded Sunbird
A. boltoni Apo Sunbird

Genus Hypogramma viewedit
H. hypogrammicum Purple-naped Sunbird

Genus Arachnothera viewedit
A. crassirostris Thick-billed Spiderhunter
A. robusta Long-billed Spiderhunter
A. flammifera Orange-tufted Spiderhunter
A. dilutior Pale Spiderhunter
A. longirostra Little Spiderhunter
A. juliae Whitehead's Spiderhunter
A. clarae Naked-faced Spiderhunter
A. chrysogenys Yellow-eared Spiderhunter
A. flavigaster Spectacled Spiderhunter
A. magna Streaked Spiderhunter
A. affinis Streaky-breasted Spiderhunter
A. modesta Grey-breasted Spiderhunter
A. everetti Bornean Spiderhunter


  1. Bowie RCK. 2003. Birds, molecules, and evolutionary patterns among Africa's islands in the sky. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
  2. Irwin MPS 1999. The Genus Nectarinia and the evolution and diversification of Sunbirds: An Afrotropical perspective. Honeyguide 45, 45–58.
  3. Percy Fitzpatrick Institute. 2002. The largest genus of birds takes a tumble. Africa Birds and Birding Vol. 7, No. 2, p19. (Avilable at http://www.fitzpatrick.uct.ac.za/pdf/fitzam02.pdf).