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Purple-throated Sunbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Romy Ocon
Mount Makiling, Laguna province, Philippines, May 2006
Leptocoma sperata


10 cm

  • Purple throat
  • Red belly
  • Green head
  • Blackish-grey wings with a blue band


  • Olive-green below
  • Yellow belly


Endemic to the Philippines.


Several Sunbirds (including this one) of the genus Nectarinia have recently been moved into the genus Leptocoma.


There are 3 subspecies:

  • L. s. henkei: Philippines (Luzon, Babuyan Claro, Calayan, Camiguin Norte)
  • L. s. sperata: Northern Philippines (Luzon, Polillo, Catanduanes and Marinduque)
  • L. s. juliae: Southern Philippines (western Mindanao, Basilan and Sulu Archipelago)

Formerly considered conspecific with Van Hasselt's Sunbird.


Coconut groves, mangroves, second growth and cultivated areas. Forest, and mature gardens, especially where there's flowering trees.



Nectar forms the major part of their diet, but they will also eat small insects.


The female builds an oval nest from spider's web, young roots and other plant fibre; it is placed at a height of about 6 m. The clutch consists of 2 eggs.


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Avibase
  3. teachingtreasures.com.au
  4. BF Member observations

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