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This Biosphere Reserve forms part of an extensive area in the south of the Czech Republic close to the Austrian border that contains several nature reserves and a wide range of habitats.
The land is dominated by limestone outcrops in a landscape of rolling hills and lowlands, much of which has deciduous forest cover.
There are also important wetlands in the area, at Soutok there is a large complex of channels, lakes and marshes where the Morava and Dyje Rivers meet and these rivers have extensive areas of riverine forest.
Lednice Important Bird Area is nearby where there are large fishponds with associated reedbeds and similar habitats can be found at Pohorelicke.
This area is popular with visiting birders and has a good selection of wetland birds including both storks, Eurasian Spoonbill, various herons and bitterns and waterfowl such as Red-crested Pochard and Greylag Goose, possibly also Ferruginous Duck.
Raptors are well-represented with White-tailed Eagle, kites and harriers, and in very small numbers, Saker Falcon. In recent years one or two Eastern Imperial Eagle have been present in the area and breeding took place in 1998.
The forested areas are rich in owls and there are seven species of woodpecker as well as a wide range of breeding passerines. The area is also important as a resting point for passage birds and wintering grounds for good numbers of waterfowl and waders. Although White-tailed Eagle breeds it is more numerous in winter.
Birds you can see here include:
Little Grebe, Great Crested Grebe, Black-necked Grebe, Great Cormorant, Great Bittern, Little Bittern, Black-crowned Night Heron, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Great White Egret, Black Stork, White Stork, Eurasian Spoonbill, Mute Swan, Tundra Bean Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose, Greylag Goose, Eurasian Wigeon, Gadwall, Common Teal, Mallard, Northern Pintail, Garganey, Northern Shoveler, Red-crested Pochard, Common Pochard, Ferruginous Duck, Tufted Duck, Common Goldeneye, European Honey Buzzard, Black Kite, Red Kite, White-tailed Eagle, Western Marsh Harrier, Hen Harrier, Montagu's Harrier, Northern Goshawk, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Common Buzzard, Lesser Spotted Eagle, Eastern Imperial Eagle, Golden Eagle, Osprey, Common Kestrel, Merlin, Northern Hobby, Saker Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Grey Partridge, Common Quail, Common Pheasant, Water Rail, Little Crake, Spotted Crake, Common Moorhen, Eurasian Coot, Pied Avocet, Little Ringed Plover, Northern Lapwing, Little Stint, Dunlin, Ruff, Common Snipe, Eurasian Woodcock, Black-tailed Godwit, Eurasian Curlew, Spotted Redshank, Common Redshank, Common Greenshank, Green Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Common Sandpiper, Mediterranean Gull, Black-headed Gull, Common Tern, Black Tern, Stock Dove, Common Woodpigeon, European Turtle Dove, Common Cuckoo, Barn Owl, Great Eagle Owl, Tawny Owl, Little Owl, Long-eared Owl, Common Swift, Common Kingfisher, European Bee-eater, European Roller, Eurasian Hoopoe, Eurasian Wryneck, Green Woodpecker, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Black Woodpecker, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Syrian Woodpecker, Middle Spotted Woodpecker, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Crested Lark, Wood Lark, Eurasian Skylark, Sand Martin, Barn Swallow, Northern House Martin, Tree Pipit, Meadow Pipit, Blue-headed Wagtail, White Wagtail, Bohemian Waxwing, Eurasian Wren, Dunnock, Eurasian Robin, Common Nightingale, Bluethroat, Black Redstart, Common Redstart, Whinchat, European Stonechat, Northern Wheatear, Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush, Ring Ouzel, Eurasian Blackbird, Fieldfare, Song Thrush, Mistle Thrush, Common Grasshopper Warbler, Eurasian River Warbler, Savi's Warbler, Sedge Warbler, Common Reed Warbler, Great Reed Warbler, Marsh Warbler, Icterine Warbler, Barred Warbler, Lesser Whitethroat, Common Whitethroat, Garden Warbler, Blackcap, Wood Warbler, Common Chiffchaff, Willow Warbler, Goldcrest, Common Firecrest, Spotted Flycatcher, European Pied Flycatcher, Collared Flycatcher, Long-tailed Tit, Bearded Tit, Marsh Tit, Coal Tit, Crested Tit, Blue Tit, Great Tit, Eurasian Nuthatch, Wallcreeper, Common Treecreeper, Short-toed Treecreeper, Penduline Tit, Red-backed Shrike, Great Grey Shrike, Lesser Grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Common Jay, Common Magpie, Eurasian Jackdaw, Rook, Hooded Crow, Northern Raven, Common Starling, House Sparrow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Chaffinch, Brambling, European Serin, European Greenfinch, European Goldfinch, Eurasian Siskin, Northern Redpoll, Eurasian Linnet, Common Crossbill, Common Bullfinch, Hawfinch, Yellowhammer, Rock Bunting, Ortolan Bunting, Reed Bunting, Corn Bunting
More than sixty species of mammal have been recorded in Palava Protected Landscape Area including nearly twenty species of bat, two hedgehogs and five shrews.
History and Use
Areas of Interest
Access and Facilities
Access is unrestricted to most of the area and Brno is the nearest major town. Many birding visitors arrive from Austria via Drasenhofen-Mikulov after touring the Austrian wetlands.
Mikulov forms an excellent base to explore the area and has hotel accommodation. Lednice also has hotel accommodation.
Content and images originally posted by Steve