- Serinus serinus
5 in (11-12 cm)
- Grey green above with dark streaks
- Yellow rump
- Yellow breast with streaks
- White belly with heavy streaks
- Brighter yellow face and breast
- Yellow wing bars
- Yellow sides to tail
Western Palearctic: resident in the area around the Mediterranean, migrant breeder further north.
North Africa: resident in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt, but supplemented with migrants in winter.
Europe: resident in Portugal, Spain, parts of France, Italy, and the Balkans, and summer migrant to rest of France, Central Europe, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, and in small numbers to Denmark and Sweden. In the UK is common on passage and a rare breeder.
Middle East: resident in parts of Turkey, Lebanon, and Israel, with other parts of Turkey only visited in summer and with winter migrants in larger parts of the Middle East.
This is a monotypic species.
Open mixed woodlands, parks and gardens.
Click on images to enlarge
Photo by johnny boy
Lagos, Portugal, May 2011
Female (after ringing), possibly juvenile
Photo by ESTEBANNIC
Parc del Llevant, Mallorca, Spain, October 2004
It nests in a shrub or tree. The clutch consists of 3-5 eggs.
The diet includes mainly seeds; insects are also taken in the breeding season.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
- Beaman, M., S. Madge, K.M. Olsen. 1998. Fuglene i Europa, Nordafrika og Mellemøsten. Copenhagen, Denmark: Gads Forlag, ISBN 87-12-02276-4
- Svensson, Mullarney, Zetterström 2009. Birds of Europe, second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford. ISBN 978-0-691-14392-7
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) European Serin. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 9 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/European_Serin
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