- Numenius arquata
50-60cm (19¾-23½ in)
- Greyish-brown overall plumage
- White back
- Long curved bill
A widespread and generally common bird in the Western Palearctic. Breeds in the British Isles (except east and south-east England), discontinuously from France east to Poland, throughout coastal and lowland Scandinavia, the Baltic States and across Russia between about 48 and 64 degrees N. Southern limits are the Pyrenees, Alps and the Black Sea.
In winter found in southern Iceland, throughout the British Isles and much of western and southern Europe, Turkey and North Africa. Has bred in Spain and occasionally does so elsewhere out of main range including very small numbers in Italy.
Three subspecies aer recognized1:
- N. a. arquata :
- N. a. suschkini:
- N. a. orientalis:
- Breeds from central Siberia east to northeastern China (central Heilongjiang); winters along coasts of eastern and southern Africa, Madagascar, and from the southern Caspian Sea south to the Persian Gulf and east through southern Asia to eastern China and southern Japan, south to the Philippines and Greater Sundas (Indonesia)
Breeds in wet grassland and meadows, drier parts of marshes, farmland, heaths and moorland. In winter mainly coastal, on estuaries and sandy shores, saltmarshes, on coastal grasslands and to a lesser extent, on inland wetlands.
The diet includes small invertebrates, small crabs and earthworms.
Their nest is a bare scrape. The 3-6 eggs are incubated for about a month.
They are monogamous and territorial.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2022. IOC World Bird List (v 12.2) DRAFT. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.12.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2018)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Eurasian Curlew. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 1 December 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Eurasian_Curlew
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.