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Common Quail - BirdForum Opus

Nominate subspecies - male
Photo © by birdimage
Uden, Netherlands, June 2008
Coturnix coturnix

Includes: Azores Common Quail, Cape Verde Common Quail, Abyssinian Quail, African Quail


16–20 cm (6¼-7¾ in)

  • Buffish brown with darker brown and white streaks on upperparts.
  • Cream supercilium
  • Long wings
Nominate subspecies - female
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, February-2018

Male has a black chin


Widespread Palearctic region; eastern and southern Africa.


Subspecies C. c. africana - female aka African Quail
Photo © by Alan Manson
Cedara,, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, September 2008


Clements recognizes these subspecies[1]:

Subspecies africana is split as African Quail by some authorities.





The diet includes insects and seeds.


The clutch of 6-18 eggs are laid in a ground nest, and incubated for 16-18 days.



  1. Clements, J. F., P. C. Rasmussen, T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, A. Spencer, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2023. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2023. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.2). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Avibase
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9

Recommended Citation

External Links

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