- Oriolus oriolus
- Dark grey legs
- Red eye
- Fairly thick pinkish bill
Bright yellow with black wings and tail.
Female and Juvenile are yellowy-green, with paler underparts; wings and tail are darker.
The female and juvenile can be confused with Green Woodpecker with poor flight views. However the woodpecker's flight is markedly undulating.
Indian Golden Oriole was split from this species.
Always near or in trees, particularly holm oak. Well-timbered parks, gardens and orchards and trees beside lakes and rivers.
The nest is built in a fork in a tree; 3-6 eggs are laid.
The diet includes insects and fruit.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
- Birdwatchers Pocket Guide ISBN 1-85732-804-3
- Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Eurasian Golden Oriole. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 7 December 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Eurasian_Golden_Oriole
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.