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Category:Passeridae - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 16:45, 28 September 2011 by Wintibird (talk | contribs) (→‎Taxonomy)
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Family: Passeridae


This family is considered the "true sparrows" of the Old World. They are generally small, plump brown-grey birds with short tails and stubby, strong beaks. They are primarily seed-eaters, though they also consume small insects. A few species are highly habitutated to man, and will scavenge just about any kind of food in city envirorments.

Passeridae are endemic to Europe, Africa and Asia. In Australia and the New World, early settlers imported some species which quickly naturalised, particularly in urban and degraded areas. House Sparrows, for example, are now common and ubiquitous throughout North America, in every state of Australia except Western Australia, and over much of the heavily populated parts of South America. They are considered pests in many of these areas, competing with and actually killing some endemic species. However, there are few concerted efforts to reverse the mistake of deliberate introduction, except in parts of Australia.

American sparrows, or New World sparrows, are not closely related to the true sparrows, despite some physical resemblance, such as the seed-eater's bill and frequently well-marked heads. They are in the family Emberizidae.


Passeridae is a Family in the Order Passeriformes.

The closely related estrildid finches of the equatorial regions and Australasia are considered by some authorities to be members of the Passeridae, but most taxonomic schemes list them as the separate family Estrildidae.

Some authorities split the genus Montifringilla up and place some species in Pyrgilauda and/or Onychostruthus.
Furthermore the most members of the genus Petronia are sometimes placed in Gymnoris.

A new DNA-study has also shown that the Cinnamon Ibon (formerly either placed in Timaliidae or Zosteropidae) does belong to this family.

Family Passeridae viewedit

Genus Hypocryptadius viewedit
H. cinnamomeus Cinnamon Ibon

Genus Passer viewedit
P. ammodendri Saxaul Sparrow
P. domesticus House Sparrow
P. italiae Italian Sparrow
P. hispaniolensis Spanish Sparrow
P. pyrrhonotus Sind Sparrow
P. castanopterus Somali Sparrow
P. cinnamomeus Russet Sparrow
P. flaveolus Plain-backed Sparrow
P. moabiticus Dead Sea Sparrow
P. iagoensis Cape Verde Sparrow
P. hemileucus Abd al-Kuri Sparrow
P. insularis Socotra Sparrow
P. motitensis Great Sparrow
P. rufocinctus Kenya Sparrow
P. shelleyi Shelley's Sparrow
P. cordofanicus Kordofan Sparrow
P. melanurus Cape Sparrow
P. griseus Northern Grey-headed Sparrow
P. swainsonii Swainson's Sparrow
P. gongonensis Parrot-billed Sparrow
P. suahelicus Swahili Sparrow
P. diffusus Southern Grey-headed Sparrow
P. simplex Desert Sparrow
P. zarudnyi Zarudny's Sparrow
P. montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow
P. luteus Sudan Golden Sparrow
P. euchlorus Arabian Golden Sparrow
P. eminibey Chestnut Sparrow

Genus Gymnoris viewedit
G. pyrgita Yellow-spotted Bush Sparrow
G. xanthocollis Yellow-throated Sparrow
G. superciliaris Yellow-throated Bush Sparrow
G. dentata Sahel Bush Sparrow

Genus Petronia viewedit
P. petronia Rock Sparrow

Genus Carpospiza viewedit
C. brachydactyla Pale Rockfinch

Genus Montifringilla viewedit
M. nivalis White-winged Snowfinch
M. henrici Tibetan Snowfinch
M. adamsi Black-winged Snowfinch

Genus Onychostruthus viewedit
O. taczanowskii White-rumped Snowfinch

Genus Pyrgilauda viewedit
P. davidiana Pere David's Snowfinch
P. ruficollis Rufous-necked Snowfinch
P. blanfordi Blanford's Snowfinch
P. theresae Afghan Snowfinch


This category has the following 8 subcategories, out of 8 total.