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Sind Sparrow - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Sind Jungle Sparrow; Rufous-backed Sparrow

Photo by Alok Tewari
District Gurgaon, Haryana, India, February-2018
Passer pyrrhonotus


Photo by Alok Tewari
District Gurgaon, Haryana, India, January-2015

12.5 - 13cm (5 in);
A small version of House Sparrow:


  • Greyer crown, nape and cheek
  • Warm brown lower back and rump
  • Small narrow black bib just reaching breast
  • Chestnut eyestripe
  • Mantle paler rufous brown than House Sparrow
  • Black bill


Very similar to female House Sparrow. Juveniles are similar to females.

Similar species

Similar to House Sparrow. Note in males black bib just reaching breast and greyer crown, nape and cheek. Also the chestnut eyestripe doesn't reach the mantle. Females resemble female House Sparrow very closely but are slightly darker, more uniformly coloured on upperparts and have a darker and more chestnut shoulder.


Found in the Indus valley in Pakistan and east into Punjab and Dehli area in India.

Locally common. The expansion into India happened quite recently. Old reports from Iran need confirmation.

Photo by Alok Tewari
District Gurgaon, Haryana, India, Aug-2016


This is a monotypic species[1].

In the past believed to be a small subspecies of House Sparrow.


Tall grass, tamarisk and acacia jungle in riverine or swampy areas. Not particularly associated with humans.



Feeds on seeds of grasses and small herbs. May also take some invertebrates.
Forages mainly in small flocks of up to 20 birds outside breeding season.


Breeding season from April to September. Breeds in loose colonies. The nest is an untidy globular construction made of grass, reeds and coarse twigs. It's placed in the branches of a low tree standing in or overhanging water. Lays 3 - 5 eggs.


A resident species.


Recording by Alok Tewari
Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, Feb-2016
Male singing - Beginning of Spring


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
  3. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672

Recommended Citation

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