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Greater Short-toed Lark - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies C. b. longipennis
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, 26 February 2018
Calandrella brachydactyla


14–15 cm
A short-billed lark with long tertials


Photo © by Scottishdude
Track by Lucio del Lobo, Sepulveda, Spain, May, 2010

Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, France, Portugal, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Gibraltar, Switzerland, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Balkans, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan
Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran
Asia: Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, GeorgiaSiberia, Turkestan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia, China, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, South Korea, Japan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar


Photo © by mikeprince
Belen Plain, Extremadura, Spain, June 2006

Mongolian Short-toed Lark was formerly included in this species.


There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • C. b. brachydactyla:
  • Mediterranean environs and islands
  • C. b. hungarica:
  • C. b. rubiginosa:
  • C. b. woltersi:
  • C. b. hermonensis:
  • C. b. artemisiana:
  • Asia Minor, Transcaucasia and north-western Iran
  • C. b. longipennis (orientalis):


Semi-arid farm land, fields, short-grass steppe and desert scrub.



A wide variety of invertebrates, seeds and green vegetable matter.



  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2014)
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

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