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Least Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

Photo by The Falcon
New York, USA, August 2008
Empidonax minimus


  • Gray-olive upperparts (darker wings and tail)
  • Gray breast
  • White underparts
    • Yellow sides to the belly
  • Bold white eye ring
  • White wing bars
  • Small bill
    • Dark upper mandible, pinkish lower mandible
  • Short tail
  • Blackish legs
Photo by Muskrat.
North-eastern Pennsylvania, USA, June 2005

Similar Species

It is similar in appearance to the larger Eastern Wood Pewee.

Likely to overlap with Acadian Flycatcher, Alder Flycatcher, Buff-breasted Flycatcher, Cordilleran Flycatcher, Dusky Flycatcher, Gray Flycatcher, Hammond's Flycatcher, Pacific-slope Flycatcher, Pine Flycatcher, White-throated Flycatcher, Willow Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Yellowish Flycatcher.

See also Empidonax.


Canada and the northern United States.

They migrate to Mexico and Central America. Essentially the only wintering Empidonax in the Yucatán

Approximate distribution map. From Xeno canto / NatureServe data at file date (from Xeno Canto)


Clements regards this as a monotypic species [1].


Open deciduous or mixed woods.



They make a cup nest on a fork in a small tree.


Diet includes insects taken in flight or gleaned from foliage, also berries.


Song: a dry che-bec
Call: a sharp whit


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

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