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Buff-breasted Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Stanley Jones
Mt. Lemmon, Santa Catalina Mountains, Coronado National Forest, Pima County, Tucson, Arizona, USA, May 2011
Empidonax fulvifrons


11.5-13cm The smallest Empidonax flycatcher

  • Olive grey above
  • Darker wings and tail
  • White eye ring
  • Strong white double wing bars
  • Rich buff colored breast (most vivid July-February)
  • Short flat bill

Similar species

None, but see also Empidonax


North and Central America: found from Honduras to Western Mexico, extending northward in a band to barely enter extreme south-eastern Arizona.

Approximate distribution map. From Xeno canto / NatureServe data at file date (from Xeno Canto)



There are 6 subspecies1:

  • E. f. pygmaeus - south-western US and north-western Mexico (Sonora to Coahuila)
  • E. f. fulvifrons - mountains of northeast Mexico (Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosí)
  • E. f. rubicundus - Mexico (Chihuahua and Durango to Guerrero and Veracruz)
  • E. f. brodkorbi - southern Mexico (Río Molino area of southern Oaxaca)
  • E. f. fusciceps - south-eastern Mexico (Chiapas) south to Guatemala and El Salvador
  • E. f. inexpectatus - central and southern Honduras


Scrub and open woodlands, wooded canyons.



The diet includes insects.


A cup nest is placed on a fork in a tree. The clutch consists of 2 eggs.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links