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Jungle Nightjar - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by binus1963
Goa, India, November 2013
Caprimulgus indicus


21·5–24 cm (8½-9½ in)

  • Greyish-brown upperparts with blackish-brown streaking


Indian subcontinent.



Two subspecies recognized[1]:

  • C. i. indicus in central and southern India
  • C. i. kelaarti in Sri Lanka

Formerly considered conspecific with Grey Nightjar and Palau Nightjar.


Forests (different types), open woodland, scrubland, farmland, plantations. In Sri Lanka in stony fields. In winter also recorded in big cities.


Nocturnal. Roosts in trees (quite high) and on boulders. Sings from perch or ground.


Breeding season from February to August in South India. Lays 1 - 2 eggs on bare ground, usually rocks, covered by vegetation. No nest.


They feed on a variety of insects, including moths, beetles, flying ants, cicadas, locusts, grasshoppers and small wasps.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. Birdforum thread discussing taxonomy of Nightjars and Frogmouths
  5. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2018)

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