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Indian Peafowl - BirdForum Opus

Male displaying
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Bharatpur Keoladeo National Park, India, 24 July 2015

Alternative name: Common Peafowl

Pavo cristatus


Male; 180–230 cm (80-90½ in); female 90–100 cm (35½-40 in)
Male tail very long in breeding plumage 140–160 cm (50-63 in)

  • Bluey-green overall plumage

Female Long tail 32·5–37·5 (12¾-14¾)

  • Dull greenish-grey plumage, with some iridescent blue
Adult Male
Photo © by Sumit
Sariska National Park, India, April 2001


Asia: found in East Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka.

Introduced populations occur in Florida, California, Texas, South America, South Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius Island, Reunion Island, Indonesia, New Guinea, British Columbia, Hawaii, Australia, and Croatia.

In Florida and Texas, many of the birds are hybrids with Green Peafowl, but no pure population of that species exists there.


Traditionally believed to be monotypic[1]; but birds of Sri Lanka have been suggested as a second subspecies.


Dry semi-desert grasslands, scrub and deciduous forests.


They forage and nests on the ground but roost high in the trees.


Eggs are laid on alternate days; the clutch consisting of 4-8 light brown eggs. Incubation is by the female alone and lasts for about 28 days. The male takes no part in raising the young as he is Polygynous with up to six hens.


Photo © by ariban
Jaipur, Rajasthan, India; 8 August 2012

They are an omnivorous species, eating seeds and green plants, fruit and berries, insects, some reptiles, including small snakes.


Calls by many adults in early morning chorus during Monsoon.

Bharatpur Keoladeo National Park, India, July-2015
Call given by one male, early summer.

Bharatpur Keoladeo National Park, India, April-2012
Both recordings by Alok Tewari

Male taking-off
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Bharatpur Keoladeo National Park, India, 23 June 2017


Click images to see larger version


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2015)
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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