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White-naped Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Columba albinucha


34 cm.

  • Large white nuchal patch
  • Purplish maroon crown and lores
  • Ash grey throat and sides of neck, darker face
  • White chin
  • Purple mantle, slate back, rump and uppertail-coverts, faintly scaled
  • Ash grey breast
  • Dark purple belly with whitish spots on feathers
  • Dark grey vent
  • Black bill with yellow or red tip
  • Red to purplish red legs

Sexes similar but female with pale grey nuchal patch, vinous-grey breast and greyish purple mantle.
Juveniles have greyer heads and dark brown upperparts.

Similar species

Reminds of African Olive Pigeon, but White-naped Pigeon is smaller and has a large white nuchal patch.


Patchily distributed. One population in western Cameroon (only three records), others in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, western Uganda and western Rwanda.
Generally scarce in its range.


This is a monotypic species.


Dense lowland forest and forested slopes.
Occurs in eastern DRC up to 1500 m, in Uganda from 700 to 1800 m and in Cameroon up to 1100 m.



Feeds on fruit and berries.
Forages in the canopy or at mid-level of forest, rarely on the ground.


Birds in breeding condition collected in February in Cameroon. One described nest contained 1 white egg and was found in secondary growth in a forest clearing.


This is a resident species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2016)

Recommended Citation

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