- Luscinia luscinia
16–17 cm (6¼-6¾ in)
- Plain greyish-brown upperparts
- Grey to white below
- Brownish breast
Sexes are similar.
Much duller and greyer than Common Nightingale.
Breeds in northern Europe and Asia, wintering in eastern and southern Africa.
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Egypt
Western Africa: Togo, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan
This is a monotypic species.
Wetland forests, scrub and dense, damp thickets (especially alder, hazel and birch)
The nest is well hidden, near the ground, in dense thickets.
The diet includes insects, spiders, some fruit. Forages in leaf litter.
Song is similar to the Common Nightingale but louder and lacking the crescendo. It's a series of tongue-clicking and gurgling notes.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- BTO BirdFacts
- Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
- Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Thrush Nightingale. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 3 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Thrush_Nightingale
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