- Tringa solitaria
18-21 cm (7-8¼ in)
- Dark upperparts with whitish spots
- Greyish head and breast
- White underparts
- White eye-ring
Green Sandpiper, which has a white rump.
North America: Canada, USA, Alaska
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Bermuda
Caribbean: Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Windward Islands, Leeward Islands, Bahamas, Cuba, Turks and Caicos Islands, Cayman Islands, Hispaniola, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Anguilla, Antigua, Barbuda, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, Barbados, Trinidad, Tobago, Netherlands Antilles
South America, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina
There are 2 subspecies:
- T. s. solitaria (Eastern):
- Eastern British Columbia to Labrador; winters central and South America
- T. s. cinnamomea (Western):
- Alaska and western Canada; winters northern South America to Argentina
There seems to be a deep genetic divergence between eastern and western birds, which may in the future lead to a proposal for two full species.
Fresh water marshes and ponds.
As its name suggests they are normally seen singly during migration. Small numbers may gather in feeding areas.
The diet consists of small invertebrates, spiders, grasshoppers and occasionally frogs. Feeds at pond edges.
They often utilise an abandoned songbird's tree nest, laying 3-5 eggs.
A three-note whistle is uttered in flight.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53909 on 17 August 2019).
- Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
- Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
- Paper describing genetic divergence within Solitary Sandpiper
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Solitary Sandpiper. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 10 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Solitary_Sandpiper
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