• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Short-billed Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Patagioenas nigrirostris
Photo by Robert_Scanlon
Achiote Road, Panama, January 2004


26.5 cm

  • Reddish-purple plumage, browner on the belly
  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • Tail and primary flight feathers are darker olive-brown than the rest of the bird
  • Black bill
  • Reddish-purple legs and eyes

Female: slightly duller and browner than the male

  • Greyish brown head, neck and breast
  • Cinnamon scaling on the head and upperparts.


Central and South America:
Central America: south-eastern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
South America: north-western Colombia


This is a monotypic species[1].
American members of what used to be genus Columba are now in genus Patagioenas.


Lowland rainforests; canopy and semi-open woodland.



A single white egg is laid into a basic platform nest formed from twigs and placed 5-30 m up in a tree or amongst vines.


The diet includes mistletoe, fruits and berries, or small invertebrates.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links