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Savanna Nightjar - BirdForum Opus

Photo by MountainMan
Changi Cove, Singapore
Caprimulgus affinis

Includes Franklin's Nightjar


Plumage greyish brown with fine blackish mottles on upper parts.
Male: From all nightjars by all white outer tail feathers.Has white patchs on the wings.
Female: Entire tail greyish brown with buff wing patch.

Similar Species

From Large-tailed Nightjar by the slimmer appearance and short tail and lacking the bold markings on the upperparts of the former.


The India subcontinent east to south China, Southeast Asia to the Greater and Lesser Sundas, and Sulawesi.


Formerly included Chirruping Nightjar.


Clements recognizes these subspecies[1]:

  • C. a. monticolus:
  • C. a. amoyensis:
  • C. a. stictomus:
  • C. a. affinis:
  • C. a. propinquus:
  • C. a. undulatus:
  • C. a. kasuidori:
  • C. a. timorensis:


Scrub, open country, grassland with open stoney patches. (Favourite nesting sites.)


Usualy solitary but small parties of three or four may hawk for insects together. Very vocal in flight,which is swifter and more erratic than Large-tailed Nightjar. Often seen sitting on tracks at dusk.


A harsh rasping high-pitch CHWEEZ uttered both in flight and at rest.


  1. Clements, J. F., P. C. Rasmussen, T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, A. Spencer, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2023. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2023. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.2). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1