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Ruddy-breasted Crake - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies Z. f. erythrothorax
Photo © by Dave 2x
Taichung, Taiwan, 20 February 2017
Zapornia fusca

Porzana fusca


Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Basai Wetlands, Gurgaon, India, 31 March 2015

21-23 cm (8¼-9 in)

  • Light brown back
  • Chestnut head and underparts
  • White barring on flanks and undertail
  • Yellowish bill
  • Red eyes, legs, and feet
  • Long toes and short tail

Female similar but paler, with a white throat

Juveniles are dark brown with some white spotting.


From India and Sri Lanka to the Philippines and from Japan to Indochina


Placed in genus Porzana by IOC.


Photo © by Romy Ocon
Masinloc, Zambales, Philippines, 24 July 2005

There are 4 subspecies1:


Reedy swamps and similar wet areas, stream banks, wet grassland, reedbeds and rice paddies.



They construct the nest in a dry patch on the ground in marshy vegetation. The clutch consists of 6-9 eggs.


The diet consists of molluscs, aquatic insects, larvae, as well as shoots of marsh plants, seeds and berries.


Photo © by Avian Seeker
Singapore, 1 March 2014

Usually silent, but in early morning and evening utters hard tewk or kyot during breeding season.


Partially migratory usually arriving in the northern part of their breeding range in May.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Taylor, B. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Ruddy-breasted Crake (Zapornia fusca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53664 on 2 April 2019).
  3. Wikipedia contributors. (2018, September 5). Ruddy-breasted crake. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:42, April 7, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ruddy-breasted_crake&oldid=858254910
  4. BirdForum Member observations
  5. Brazil, M.A. (1991) The Birds of Japan. Smithsonian Inst. Press.
  6. Ripley, S.D. (1977) Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Raillidae. Godine, Boston.

Recommended Citation

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