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Rose-ringed Parakeet - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Ring-necked Parakeet)
Courting Pair Subspecies P. k. borealis
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, May-2018

Alternative Name: Ring-necked Parakeet

Psittacula krameri


Psittacula krameri manillensis, female
Photo © by surunair
Mumbai, India; February 2013

37–43 cm (14½-17 in)

  • Green plumage
  • Long tail, with blue-green central feathers and yellower side feathers
  • Red bill, often with black lower mandible


  • Black neck-ring
  • Pink nape-band
  • Full plumage acquired in third year.

Female and immature both lack the neck rings, or show a shadow-like pale to dark grey neck-ring and a light nape-band[3].


Across northern sub-saharan Africa from Mauritania to Eritrea, and southern Asia, in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Burma, and Sri Lanka.

Feral populations widespread and increasing rapidly in Europe, southwest Asia, South Africa, Hawai'i, California, Florida and South America. Most are considered to be of the subspecies P. k. borealis although some may be of hybrid stock.



Photo © by Sudhir bhokare
Kurundwad, India, February 2017

Four subspecies are accepted, only showing small differences[1][2]:

  • P. k. krameri:
  • P. k. parvirostris:
  • P. k. borealis:
  • P. k. manillensis:
  • Southern peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Bill with upper mandible red, lower black, in both sexes.


Psittacula krameri borealis, male (above), juvenile (below)
Photo © by SANJEEV
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, March 2014

Open countryside with some trees including gardens and parks.


They can form very large flocks.


Nests in holes in trees; usually lays 3-4 eggs, in late winter or early spring.


Diet includes fruit, nuts, berries, seeds, buds, and vegetables. Often considered a pest species causing damage to crops.


A raucous screech. Particularly noisy in flight, but can also sit quietly in trees for long periods.

Recording by Alok Tewari
Urban Garden near residential apartment, Delhi, India, Sep.-2016


Click images to see larger version


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
  3. Birdforum thread discussing separating male, female and juvenile of this species.
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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