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Blue-breasted Quail - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Indian Blue Quail)

Alternative names: Chinese Painted Quail, Asian Blue Quail, King Quail

Photo by Tom Tarrant
Lake Samsonvale, South-eastern Queensland, October 2004
Synoicus chinensis

Excalfactoria chinensis


Photo by Tom Tarrant
Lake Samsonvale, South-eastern Queensland, October 2004

12–15 cm ( 4¾-6 in)

  • Black bill
  • Yellow to orange legs and feet
  • Short, dark brown tail


  • Dark brown
  • Slate blue-grey breast
  • Rust chestnut-red belly
  • Black throat patch surrounded by a white band and bordered by a black stripe
  • Black eye stripe


  • Brown
  • Rust-brown belly and breast


Male with chick, Nominate Subspecies
Photo by SeeToh
Pulau Punggol Barat, Singapore, July 2016

Asia and Australasia
Asia: China, Nepal, India, Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Taiwan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Bali, Timor, Moluccas
Australasia: New Guinea, Australia: New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia


Formerly considered conspecific with Blue Quail. Formerly placed in genus Coturnix and sometimes placed in genus Excalfactoria.


There are 10 subspecies[1]:


Wet, swampy grasslands, shrublands, paddyfields.



They nest on the ground in grass-lined hollows. The clutch consists of 6-14 eggs, which are olive green to brown and have dark brown spots/blotches. They are incubated for 16-19 days.


They are thought to eat grass seeds, vegetation and small insects such as termites and their larvae.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Nov 2017)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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