- Psiloscops flammeolus
16-17 cam (6¼-6¾ in, wingspan 33 cm; a very small owl
It is the only small owl in North America with dark eyes (rather than yellow.) It has a grayish-brown body with cinnamon area on scapulars and reddish brown face disk (especially in the southern parts of its range is a rufous color phase also common). Ear tufts are very small, often not noticeable.
North and Central America
Summer breeding range includes Sonoran desert of Mexico into Arizona, most of Utah, parts of New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, California, and southern British Columbia. Common within range, and highly migratory, with occasional sightings as far east as Florida.
This is a monotypic species.
It was formerly included in the genus Otus.
Open mixed oak and conifer forests in mountainous areas of the American West.
The natural history of this owl is poorly understood.
Mostly insectivorous, almost entirely nocturnal insects, particularly owlet moths, beetles and crickets. They will also take small mammals and birds.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- BF Member observations
- König, C. and F. Weick 2008. Owls of the World, second edition. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 978-0-7136-6548-2
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Flammulated Owl. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 4 December 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Flammulated_Owl