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Eurasian Crag Martin - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Ragna
Extremadura, Spain, May 2004
Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Hirundo rupestris


Photo © by Kevin Wade
Marbella Spain, December 2015

14-15cm (5½-6 in)

  • Brownish-grey crown and upperparts
  • Dark b0rown wings and tail
  • Buff underparts (no breast band)
  • Square tail has white spots


Widely distributed from Europe to Asia, Arabia and India.


Previously in genus Hirundo.

This is a monotypic species[1].


Rocky outcrops, coastal cliffs and alpine villages.



Their diet consists of flying insects such as flies, stoneflies, cadis flies, beetles and moths.


The nest is constructed from mud and placed under overhanging cliffs. The clutch contains 3-5 eggs. There is usually a second brood.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2019)

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.