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Common Chlorospingus - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies regionalis
Photo © by Stanley Jones
La Cinchona, Alajuela Province, Costa Rica, March 2006

Alternative name: Common Bush Tanager

Chlorospingus flavopectus


13.5 cm

  • Olive upperparts
  • Yellow underpaarts
  • White belly
  • Brown head
  • Thin supercilium
  • Light throat
  • White spot behind eye
  • Colour of cheek, throat and eye area varies across range
Subspecies argentinus
Photo © by Fritz73
Tafi del Valle, Tucuman, Argentina, 2001


  • Brown upperparts
  • Darker below
  • Dull olive eye spot


The size or even presence of white area behind the eye varies geographically. A population be SW Ecuador that lacks the white area completely also deviated by having very pale eyes.


Central Mexico to Bolivia and northwest Argentina.


The scientific name was formerly Chlorospingus ophthalmicus.


There are 26 subspecies[1]:

  • C. f. ophthalmicus: eastern Mexico from southeastern San Luis Potosí and northern Veracruz south to northeastern Oaxaca
  • C. f. albifrons: southwestern Mexico (Guerrero and southwestern Oaxaca)
  • C. f. wetmorei: South-eastern Mexico (Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz)
  • C. f. dwighti: Caribbean slope of southern Mexico (Chiapas) and eastern Guatemala; population in Belize presumably also this subspecies
  • C. f. persimilis: Southern Mexico (southwestern Oaxaca)
  • C. f. postocularis: Pacific slope of southern Mexico (Chiapas) and western Guatemala
  • C. f. honduratius: Subtropical El Salvador and Honduras
  • C. f. regionalis: Subtropical Nicaragua south through Costa Rica to western Panama (west of the summit of Volcán Barú)
  • C. f. novicius: Western Panama (western Chiriquí, east of the summit of Volcán Barú [Volcán de Chiriquí])
  • C. f. punctulatus: Highlands of western Panama (Veraguas and Coclé)
  • C. f. ponsi: Sierra de Perijá (Colombia/Venezuela border)
  • C. f. falconensis: North-western Venezuela (San Luis Mountains and Sierra de Aroa)
  • C. f. jaqueti: Western slope of Easterm Andes of north-eastern Colombia and northern Venezuela
  • C. f. venezuelanus: Andes of south-western Venezuela (Lara, Mérida and Táchira)
  • C. f. exitelus: Colombia (eastern slope of Western Andes and Central Andes in Antioquia)
  • C. f. nigriceps: Subtropical and lower temperate Andes of Colombia
  • C. f. eminens: Eastern Andes of north-eastern Colombia (Norte de Santander and Boyacá)
  • C. f. olsoni: East slope of the Eastern Andes of Colombia (Boyacá, Caanare, and Cundinamarca)
  • C. f. trudis: Colombia (western slope of Andes of Santander at La Pica)
  • C. f. macarenae: Eastern Colombia (Macarena Mountains)
  • C. f. flavopectus: Eastern Andes of Colombia (southern Santander and western Cundinamarca)
  • C. f. phaeocephalus: east slope of Andes of Ecuador and northernmost Peru (Cajamarca)
  • C. f. hiaticolus: Central Peru
  • C. f. cinereocephalus: Subtropical central Peru (Junín)
  • C. f. peruvianus: Subtropical southern Peru (Puno)
  • C. f. bolivianus: West-central Bolivia (Cochabamba and La Paz)
  • C. f. fulvigularis: Central Bolivia (southern Cordillera de Cochabamba)
  • C. f. argentinus: Central Bolivia (upper Río Mizque) to northern Argentina (Tucumán)

Some authorities expect that this species will be split into two, one for Central and one for South America[1]


Rain forests, in tangles of bushes and thickets.



The diet includes insects, spiders, small fruits and nectar.


The cup nest is built from twigs, roots, leaves and mosses, lined with leaves and fibres. The clutch consists of 1-3 white eggs, with puce and maroon spots, incubated by the female. Both parents feed the young.


Call: squeaky tseeet or chit.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.2). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Birdforum thread discussing taxonomy of Common Bush Tanager/Chlorospingus
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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