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Collared Aracari - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Reini
Laguna del Lagarto Lodge, Costa Rica, February 2005
Pteroglossus torquatus

Includes Stripe-billed Aracari; Pale-mandibled Aracari


Pale-mandibled Aracari, ssp erythropygius
Photo © by mmdnje
Buenaventura, El Oro, Ecuador, 8 December 2009

41cm (16 in)

  • Blackish upperparts
  • Bright yellow underparts
  • Black head and chest
  • Red rump, upper tail and collar
  • Round black spot in centre of breast
  • Red-tinted black band across belly
  • Chestnut thighs
  • Bare black facial skin
  • Yellow iris
  • Dull yellow upper mandible with black saw-tooth pattern
  • Black lower mandible, pale in erythropygius
  • Green legs

Sexes are alike in plumage, but males usually have somewhat longer bills.
Juvenile: duller

  • Brownish-green upperparts
  • Pale yellow underparts
  • Black head
  • Paler red rump
  • Indistinct breast spot, belly band and bill pattern


Striped Aracari, subspecies P.t. sanguineus
Photo © by Oregonian
Alto Anchicaya, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, 11 November 2012
  • P.t. erythrozonus: similar though smaller to nominate torquatus, but black breast spot is either reduced or lacking.
  • P.t. nuchalis: generally has a larger black breast spot to the similar nominate torquatus. slightly lighter cinnamon on "thighs", notches on bill are not so deep, and has a broader white basal line on bill
  • P.t. sanguineus: similar to nominate torquatus, but has a cinnamon-rufous nuchal collar; the bill has smaller but more numerous notches on the tomia of the maxilla; the tip of the maxilla, and sometimes of the mandible, is yellowish-white; there is a black streak along the maxilla, just above the tomia. The bare facial skin is black or blue between the eye and the bill.
  • P.t. erythropygius: similar to sanguineus, but lacks the black streak along the culmen; and the mandible is mostly yellowish-white, with black confined to the tip.


Subspecies P. t. nuchalis
Photo © by Oregonian
Cañon del Río Claro, Antioquia, Colombia, 2 August 2019

Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru

Lowlands and foothills of Caribbean slope, rarer on Pacific slope



Juvenile (right) being fed by parent (left)
Photo © by costaricafinca
Guanacaste, Costa Rica, 8 October 2008

There are 5 subspecies[1]

  • P. t. torquatus:
  • P. t. erythrozonus:
  • P. t. nuchalis:
  • P. t. sanguineus:-Stripe-billed Aracari
  • Eastern Panama and northern Colombia south to northwestern Ecuador (northern Esmeraldas and adjacent Imbabura)
  • P. t. erythropygius:-Pale-mandibled Aracari
  • Western Ecuador (western Esmeraldas south to El Oro) and northwestern Peru (eastern Tumbes)

Stripe-billed and Pale-mandibled Aracari are recognized as full species by Gill and Donsker.


Middle to upper levels of tropical evergreen forest, semi-open and forest edges, coastal woodland.



While this species is a fruit eater with a wide variety of fruit in their diet, they also consume significantly sized insects and vertebrates of a small size.

In addition, they eat the hatched young and eggs of other species of birds.


They nest in a bare cavity or old woodpecker nest. The 3 white eggs and young are cared for by both sexes for 16 days. They fledge after about 6 weeks.


Call: a loud, sharp pseek, or peeseek.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Lepage D. (2021) [Avibase - https://avibase.ca/542B4FCB ]. Retrieved 25 June 2021
  4. Green, C. and R. Kannan (2020). Collared Aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.colara1.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

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