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Spotted Crake - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 12:34, 20 November 2023 by Aloktewari (talk | contribs) (Video link/ Category)
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Photo © by pavlik
Saratov oblast, Russia, May 2003
Porzana porzana


22–24 cm (8½-9½ in)

  • Mottled brown upperparts
  • Bluish-grey face underparts with brown bars and white spots
  • Greyish face and crown
  • White spots on chest
  • White fore-edge on wing
  • Short bill with red base and yellow tip
Photo © by Florian Andronache
  • Buff patch under tail
  • Green legs


Breeds throughout the Palearctic region; winters Mediterranean areas to southern Africa and South-east Asia.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Freshwater wetlands with shallow water and dense vegetation.



Short distances of fluttery flight action.


The diet includes aquatic invertebrates, insects, snails, worms, small fish and plant materials.


Photo © by andy hood
Brandon Marsh, Warwickshire, April 2011

They nest in a dry location in marsh vegetation, laying 6-15 eggs.They are Monogamous during the breeding season and very territorial.



  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2016)
  3. RSPB Bird guide
  4. Birdwatchers Pocket Guide ISBN 1-85732-804-3

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