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Smoky-brown Woodpecker - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 19:05, 12 August 2023 by KeithDickinson-10828 (talk | contribs) (added newer photo)
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Subspecies sanguinolentus
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Garden of Celeste Mountain Lodge, Bijugua, Alajuela Province, Costa Rica. July 2023
Dryobates fumigatus


A small (18cm, 7in.) woodpecker with no barring or conspicuous marks; best identification is overall dark, drab, brown plumage. Male has dark red crown, lacking in female.

Subspecies reichenbachi
Photo © by Luis R
El Avila National Park, Caracas, Venezuela, 20 June 2009


Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Cedric K
El Cope NP, Panama, 17 March 2005

Numerous and widespread in foothills and subtropical forests in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.


Placed in genus Leuconotopicus by Gill and Donsker. Formerly included in genus Picoides


Five subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • D. f. oleagineus:
  • Lowlands and foothills of eastern Mexico
  • D. f. sanguinolentus:
  • Central and southern Mexico to western Panama
  • D. f. fumigatus:
  • D. f. obscuratus:
  • D. f. reichenbachi:


Forested and woodland areas of foothills and mountains in parts of the range reaching near sea level in Mexico.


Forages on branches, rather than trunks, tapping and probing methodically in live and dead wood for insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Paper describing DNA taxonomy of among others this species
  3. SACC proposal to move this species to genus Picoides

Recommended Citation

External Links

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