• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Common Crane - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 17:20, 25 September 2023 by Aloktewari (talk | contribs) (Image of proposed subspecies, G. g. archbaldi)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Photo © by Stephen Fletcher
Extremadura, Spain, January 24, 2009
Grus grus


95–120 cm (37-47 in)

  • Grey
  • White facial streak
  • Black wing plumes
  • Red crown patch

Juvenile: lacks the red crown patch


Photo © by scottishdude
Laguna De Gallocanta, Spain, 15 November 2010

Breeds northern Eurasia; winters to north Africa, south India and southeast Asia.


This is a monotypic species[1].
The proposed smaller subspecies G. g. lilfordi ranging into East Asia is now generally regarded as undiagnosable. They do not differ genetically and the supposed color differences are thought to be due to differences in feather-painting behavior. Although now considered to be monotypic, a new race, G. g. archibaldi was described from the Transcaucasian region by Ilyashenko (2008). It is characterized by the absence of bare red skin on its hind-crown. Its validity has been provisionally accepted by Archibald et. al (2019).


A variety of shallow wetlands, including borders of flood forests.



Adults in flight
Photo © by J. H. Johns
Southern Spain, November 2008

The diet includes leaves, roots, berries, insects, small birds and mammals.


Subspecies G. g. archibaldi (provisional)
Photo © by kkaplan
Kızılırmak Delta Bird Sanctuary, Türkiye, 29 August 2023

The nest is a mound of vegetative material.

They perform a spectacular dance.


Call: krro and karr

Recording by Alok Tewari
Porbandar, Coastal Gujarat, India, Dec.-2010
Calls given in flight by a group of ten individuals before alighting in a nearby field.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Archibald, G.W., Meine, C.D., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Common Crane (Grus grus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53560 on 26 April 2019).
  3. Wikipedia contributors. (2019, April 25). Common crane. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:52, May 7, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_crane&oldid=894074169
  4. Mullarney, K., L. Svensson, D. Zetterstrom, and P. Grant (1999). Collins Bird Guide. Collins. ISBN 0-00-219728-6.
  5. Ilyashenko V.Y. 2008. The new form of crane from Trans-Caucasus. – Russian Ornithological Journal, 17, express issue 412: 559?562 .

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1