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White-shouldered Tanager - BirdForum Opus

Male, Subspecies flaviventris
Photo © by rka
Gran Couva, Trinidad, 25 February 2018
Loriotus​ luctuosus

Tachyphonus luctuosus


Female, subspecies panamensis
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Pipeline Road, northwest of Gamboa, Panama, February 2018

13–14 cm (5-5½ in)

  • Glossy black overall plumage
  • White shoulder patch
  • Long-tailed
  • Black thin bill

Females and immatures: have olive upperparts, yellow underparts, grey head and neck.


Females in the Caribbean slope of Central America have heads with olive colors and minimal contrast to body.


Central America: Honduras to Panama
South America: Colombia south to Ecuador (west of the Andes) and Bolivia (east of the Andes), east to southern Brazil and the Guianas, and on Trinidad.



Photo © by Cedric K
Pipeline Road, Panama, March 2005

Five subspecies are recognized1:

  • L. l. axillaris:
  • L. l. nitidissimus:
  • L. l. panamensis:
  • L. l. luctuosus:
  • L. l. flaviventris:
  • Extreme north-eastern Venezuela (Sucre) and Trinidad


Tall mature second growth forests and cocoa plantations.



Their nest is a deep open cup made from dry grass and lined with fine fibres. It is placed in low vegetation. The clutch consists of 3 cream eggs with brown blotches.


Their main diet consists of insects, including stick insects, with the addition of fruit.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Feb 2018)

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