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White-crowned Manakin - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Megan Perkins
Rancho Naturalista, Costa Rica, 18 March 2010
Pseudopipra pipra

Dixiphia pipra


Photo © by Fritz73
Porto Seguro, Brazil, 8 September 2017

Length 10cm. Male is mostly black with white crown which can be erected as a low crest, stout hooked bill, dark legs, red eyes. The female and young males are olive-green with grey head and throat, grey-green or olive underparts.


Costa Rica to northeastern Peru, Venezuela, the Guianas and eastern Brazil. There is a gap in the distribution between western Panama and Colombia.


This is a polytypic species[1] consisting of 13 subspecies.

It was formerly placed in the genus Pipra. IOC now places this species in its own genus Pseudopipra.


  • P. p. anthracina:
  • P. p. minima:
  • Western slope of Western Andes of Colombia (Cauca)
  • P. p. bolivari:
  • Northwestern Colombia (upper Sinú Valley)
  • P. p. unica:
  • Subtropical Colombia (Antioquia and Huila)
  • P. p. coracina:
  • P. p. occulta:
  • Eastern slope of Central Andes of Peru (San Martín and Huanuco)
  • P. p. comata:
  • Tropical eastern Peru (southern Pasco, Junín and northern Cusco)
  • P. p. pipra:
  • P. p. discolor:
  • Tropical northeastern Peru (along Río Napo in northeastern Loreto)
  • P. p. pygmaea:
  • Tropical eastern Peru (lower Río Huallaga in Loreto)
  • P. p. microlopha:
  • Tropical eastern Peru (south of Río Maranon) and western Amazonian Brazil
  • P. p. separabilis:
  • Amazonian Brazil (Tapajos River to Belem)
  • P. p. cephaleucos:
  • Coastal southeastern Brazil (southern Bahia to Rio de Janeiro)


Understory of wet forest.


It feeds low in the trees on fruit and some insects, both plucked from the foliage in flight.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.1)_red. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/

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External Links

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