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White-crowned Forktail - BirdForum Opus

Photo by paux
Shaanxi, China, May 2011
Enicurus leschenaulti

Includes: Malayan Forktail, Javan Forktail



  • Black mantle and breast
  • White from bill to nape
  • Dark wings
  • White wing bar,
  • Black and white banded tail
  • White rump and abdomen
  • Pinkish legs
  • Black bill


Photo by Karim Madoya
Kinabalu National Park, Malaysia, July 2008

Asia: found in China and India
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sundas and Bali.


Bornean Forktail was formerly included in this species.


Clements recognizes five subspecies[1].

  • E. l. indicus:
  • E. l. sinensis:
  • Western and southern China; Hainan
  • E. l. frontalis:
  • E. l. chaseni:
  • Tanahmasa Island (Batu Islands off western Sumatra)
  • E. l. leschenaulti:


Montane forest floor along fast running streams. Where overlapping with Bornean Forktail, found at lower (but overlapping) elevations than that species.



The diet includes aquatic insects and their larvae.


Breeding takes place between April–June. The nest is built from moss, leaves and rootlets, in overgrown bank, rocks or boulders. The clutch consists of 3-4 eggs.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.2). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Eaton, JA, B van Balen, NW Brickle, FE Rheindt 2021. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago (Greater Sundas and Wallacea), Second Edition. Lynx Editions. ISBN978-84-16728-44-2
  4. Avibase

Recommended Citation

External Links

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