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Violet-headed Hummingbird - BirdForum Opus

Presumed subspecies guimeti
Photo © by Pitter
Chocó Dept., Colombia, August 2007
Klais guimeti


Straight black bill

  • Violet or deep blue forehead, forepart of crown, chin and throat
  • Metallic bronze-green upperparts
  • Silvery bluish-green central tail feathers
  • Dusky-purple remiges
  • White spot behind each eye
  • Brownish-grey underparts, spotted or flecked with green, especially on the sides


Photo © by Greg Lavaty
Arenal, Costa Rica, January 2009
  • Paler blue forehead and crown
  • Grey underparts tinged with metallic green or bronze-green on the sides and flanks


Central and South America: found from Honduras to Bolivia and east to Brazil and Venezuela.


Three subspecies are recognized1:

  • K. g. merrittii:
  • K. g. guimeti:
  • K. g. pallidiventris:
  • Eastern Peru to west-central Bolivia


Mid elevation cloud forest, jungle forest, humid foothill forest edges.



The diet includes nectar.


The female builds the cup shaped nest of moss and cobwebs, lined with seed plumes, in trees usually above a stream. The 2 white eggs are incubated by the female.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  1. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

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